世界针灸学会联合会

THE PIONEERS OF ACUPUNCTURE: REFLECTIONS ON THE INTRODUCTION OF ACUPUNCTURE IN SPAIN

author:孙梦晓 source:本站原创 Click:48 update:2018-07-24
  

Sola- Rodríguez, María Antonia. 

LópezPiñero Institute forthe History of Medicine and Science. University of Valencia.

Palacio de Cerveró. Plaza Cisneros, 4. 46003 Valencia(Spain).


ABSTRACT

This work project intends to make a brief study on the introduction of acupuncture in Spain. The rise of the use and teaching of acupuncture in the1960s and70s is taken as a starting point to go back in time to the avatars of this ancient Chinese art. The research is bearing fruit because acupuncture has been practiced and disseminated throughout the20th century, enduring the obstinacy of Franco’s dictatorial regime, jumping the barrier of the Spanish Civil War(1936-1939), as well as getting around the convulsive years that preceded it. Then, crossing the passage of time until reaching the19th century, when acupuncture was performed and publicized both in the daily news and in health magazines.

In the1960's and70's and into the following century, saw experts and teachers of acupuncture who proclaimed themselves the pioneers in the introduction of acupuncture in Spain. Little investigation has been made of these claims since acupuncture was already practiced by Spanish doctors since the beginning of the19th century. In addition, we have traditionally been led to believe that acupuncture penetrated Spain through France. The affirmation has its foundations but it also arrived to this southern European country through other routes such as The Philippines orThe People's Republic of China.


针灸的先锋:西班牙针灸疗法的反思

Sola- Rodríguez, María Antonia. m.antonia.sola@gmail.com

LópezPiñero Institute for the History of Medicine and Science. University of Valencia.

Palacio de Cerveró. Plaza Cisneros, 4. 46003 Valencia(Spain).

摘要

      这个工作项目打算对西班牙的针灸疗法做一个简要研究。在20世纪六七十年代,针灸的使用和教学的兴起被认为是中国古代艺术化身的起点。这项研究结果正在取得成果,针灸已经在20世纪进行了实践和传播,忍受了佛朗哥独裁政权的固执,跳过了西班牙内战(1936-1939)的障碍,也摆脱了它之前的动荡岁月,然后穿越时间的流逝,直到19世纪,每日新闻和健康杂志都对针灸进行了报道。

      在20世纪六七十年代以及随后的一个世纪里,针灸专家和教师们都宣称自己是西班牙针灸疗法的先驱。这些说法的调查很少,自19世纪初以来西班牙的医生就已经开始使用针灸。此外,传统上我们一直认为针灸是从法国渗透到西班牙的。这种主张有其基础,但它也通过其他途径如菲律宾或中国等到达了这个南欧国家。