世界针灸学会联合会

DEVELOPMENT STATUS AND PROSPECT OF CHINESE MEDICINE EDUCATION IN SPAIN

author:孙梦晓 source:本站原创 Click:53 update:2018-07-30
  

Abstract

Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine have existed for thousands of years in their country of origin and area of influence. In the West, they have been introduced gradually, however it is not until the last 40 years that its implementation has achieved great notoriety. This fact has generated a controversy that goes from its most staunch defenders to the most stubborn detractors, the former based on its benefits and the latter based on its lack of scientific evidence.


The WHO Strategy 2014-2023 on Traditional Medicine urges member countries to regulate it, as a step prior to their incorporation into the National Health Systems of each country. Even so, the controversy persists, although in recent years we have seen how it was regulated in countries like USA, Australia, Chile, Portugal, etc., in other countries it is in process of regulation more or less advanced.


In the present presentation, it is intended, from the analysis of the situation of the topic in the different countries of the world, to verify if, as we thought, there is a tendency to regulate TCM independently of Western allopathic medicine, at the same time as the practice of so-called "integrative Chinese medicine" (a combination of Chinese medicine and Western allopathic medicine) is progressing and the research projects on the subject.


This analysis should allow us to infer what should be its location in the university system, within the framework of the European educational system.


Keywords

Research – Chinese Medicine – Natural medicine – Acupuncture – Historical Analysis – Legal Framework – Regulation – University education – European training

西班牙中医药教育发展现状和前景

摘要

       针灸和中医药在其发源国和其影响区域内已经存在了几千年。并且它们逐渐被引进西方。然而,引进西方近四十年后它却迎来了恶名。从最坚定的捍卫者到最顽固的批评者之间引发了广泛的争议;前者是因为其益处甚多,坚定捍卫,后者是因为其缺乏科学证据,顽固批评。

       世卫组织2014-2023年的“传统医学战略”中把敦促会员国对针灸与中医药进行监管的策略作为把传统医学纳入各国国家卫生系统之前的一步。即便如此,争议仍在继续,尽管近年来我们已经看到它在美国、澳大利亚、智利和葡萄牙等国是如何被监管的,但是其他国家的监管却是参差不齐的。

就目前的情况来说,通过对世界各国情况的分析,可以验证是否有一种使中医的监管能够独立于西医对抗疗法之外的倾向。与此同时,随着“中西医结合”(一种中医和西医疗法的结合)的实践推进,对这种课题的研究也在进行。

这一分析应该让我们推断出,在欧洲教育体系的框架下,大学体系应该是什么位置。


关键词

      研究–中医药–自然医学–针灸–历史分析–法律体制–监管–大学教育–欧洲培训